Thursday, August 27, 2020
George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a tragic novel which presents an exagerated adaptation of an authoritarian system which controlled everything as well as couldn't be evacuated using any and all means. OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s tale drew consideration, in 1949 when the novel was distributed, upon how this world would look like if an authoritarian system would genuinely dominate. My focus on this paper is to break down OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s tale concerning the marxist components present in the novel and furthermore to outline their effect upon the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s emotions. Marxism and particularly Stalinism are available in OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s epic through specific components: countinuous observation, control of the psyche, the faction of character and an alleged Ã¢â¬Å"equalityÃ¢â¬ between the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s individuals. Isaac Asimov, in his paper Review of 1984, thinks about Orwell as an author with very little of a creative mind, blaming him for not creating in the novel the real socialist activities which were occurring actually. Ã¢â¬Å"Orwell envisions Great Britain to have experienced an upset like the Russian Revolution and to have experienced all the phases that Soviet advancement did. He can consider basically no minor departure from the topic. I accept, however, that Orwell was an uncommon visionary who envisioned a general public fastened in only legislative controll, a general public which can't be vanquished. A socialist idea introduced in the novel is that of the frail individual and of the high negligence the Party had for independence. Everyone must frame a gathering with everyone Ã¢â¬ this is the formula for power, as per any socialism system. In 1984, history is constantly revised and along these lines, the populationÃ¢â¬â¢s recollections are confined distinctly what exactly shows up in the rest of the articles subsequent to revamping; it tends to be viewed as another method of brain control. Winston himself finds that the vast majority of what the Party states is lies and towards the finish of the novel, when Oceania out of nowhere becomes adversaries with Eastasia, the nation with which it had been partners from the beginning, everyone is compelled to imagine that they have Ã¢â¬Å"always been at war with EastasiaÃ¢â¬ . Ramesh K. writes in his exposition Socio-Cultural Matrix in George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Nineteen Eighty Four that Ã¢â¬Å"history is continually revamped to suit the current objectives of the Party. Just the devastation of human memory will make it conceivable. Subsequently the Ministry of Truth (Minitru) changes history never-endingly to the tune of the goals of the PartyÃ¢â¬ . Because of the changing of history is the loss of recollections. No one recalls what life looked like Ã¢â¬Å"beforeÃ¢â¬ Big Brother, but then no one appears to discover it as upsetting as Winston does. He scarcely recalls his family, and he associates that most with his recollections are just a result of his creative mind. He has issues reviewing maternal love; he now and then feels remorseful for his parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ vanishing and he continually laments his youth conduct. While in regards to history, the main existing verification or better stated, proof, of such inaccessible civic establishments, ones preceding Big Brother, is written in blue-penciled books, made by the Party itself, with painstakingly chose subtleties which endeavor to outline how life is greatly improved in the time of 1984, with the Ingsoc system, at that point before the authoritarian time. Truth is consistently twisted and it very well may be viewed as near termination, since no one has a right thought of what is or isn't correct, any longer. Recollections are ambiguous and the ones striking are forced, impacted by the Party. The loss of recollections the entire society encounters may likewise be an aftereffect of the consistent progression of new data which continually repudiates the former one and which, in its turn, is reproduced again and again. The way toward revising history is portrayed in 1984: Ã¢â¬Å"This procedure of constant change was applied not exclusively to papers, yet to books, periodicals, handouts, banners, pamphlets, films, sound-tracks, kid's shows, photos Ã¢â¬ to each sort of writing or documentation which may possibly hold any political or ideological significanceÃ¢â¬ (Orwell, Part 1, Chapter 4, p. 1). The religion of character impacts OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s oppressed world, as on some other authoritarian culture. Elder sibling has been related by the pundits with Stalin, while his political adversary, another supposed organizer of the Party, Emmanuel Goldstein, was viewed as the journalist of Trotsky, StalinÃ¢â¬â¢s foe in the force battle from the 1920s. Like Trotsky, Goldstein was expelled and rejected from the Party. As per Isaac Asimov, OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"enemy was Stalin, and at the time that 1984 was distributed, Stalin promotion governed the Soviet Union in a ribbreaking loving squeeze for a quarter century, had endure a horrendous war wherein his country endured tremendous misfortunes but was presently more grounded than any time in recent memory. To Orwell, it more likely than not appeared that neither time nor fortune could move Stalin, yet that he would live on everlastingly with regularly expanding quality. Ã¢â¬ And that was the way Orwell imagined Big BrotherÃ¢â¬ . Elder sibling is viewed as eternal, the is no proof of his genuine presence, and even OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien insights to the way that Big Brother is just the epitome of the Party. In the anecdotal book composed by Goldstein he expresses that Ã¢â¬Å"Nobody has ever observed Big Brother. He is a face on the hoardings, a voice on the telescreen. We might be sensibly certain that he will never bite the dust, and there is as of now extensive vulnerability with respect to when he was conceived. Elder sibling is the appearance wherein the Party decides to show itself to the worldÃ¢â¬ (Orwell, Part 2, Chapter 9, p. 262). Elder sibling was all over: Ã¢â¬Å"On coins, on stamps, on the fronts of books, on pennants, on banners, and on the wrappings of a cigarette bundle Ã¢â¬ all over the place. Continuously the eyes watching you and the voice encompassing you. Sleeping or wakeful, working or eating, inside or out of entryways, in the shower or in bedÃ¢â¬no escape. Nothing was your own with the exception of the couple of cubic centimeters inside your skullÃ¢â¬ (Orwell, Part 1, Chapter 2, p. 34). In such a severe society, Winston endeavors defying the Party and furthermore beginning to look all starry eyed at. When he meets Julia, his twofold life takes structure and he winds up in a ceaseless look for opportunity. The connection among Winston and Julia is, obviously, condemned to lasting effects for the Party. They endeavor to rebell against it yet their disobedience is only a limited one, with no genuine impact upon the Party. In this present reality where everything, with no exemption, has been adjusted to totally new standards, where history is constantly changed and the fact of the matter is contorsed again and again, not love or kinship continue as before. Winston and Julia should be enamored and additionally, they should be companions, yet partners in their battle against the framework, however in 1984, in this equal form of authoritarianism Orwell made, kinship and love would consistently be obscured by the otherÃ¢â¬â¢s genuine character. A model for how love is diminished can be found in the scene when Julia endeavors to spruce up for Winston, when leasing the room over the artifacts shop, a room which doesn't have a telescreen. She scarcely figures out how to become feminin by utilizing an extremely awful smelling scent Ã¢â¬ which achieves horrendous recollections to Winston Ã¢â¬ and by wearing appalling Ã¢â¬ but not quite the same as the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s uniform Ã¢â¬ garments. It appears as though nobody has the capacity of being sentimental any more, and considerably increasingly significant, nobody has the methods for being so. In 1984, no conceivable love relationship can be envisioned and having intercourse is something carefully illegal, in light of the fact that having intercourse Ã¢â¬ and this is something the Party knows very well Ã¢â¬ fulfills individuals, and when individuals are upbeat, they no longer consideration for each awful thing that occurs in their consistently life with regards to an extremist society. Julia disclosed to Winston the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s origination: Ã¢â¬Å"When you have intercourse youÃ¢â¬â¢re spending vitality; and a short time later you feel cheerful and donÃ¢â¬â¢t care the slightest bit for anything. They canÃ¢â¬â¢t bear you to feel like that. They need you to overflow with vitality constantly. Such a lot of walking here and there and cheering and waving banners is just sex turned sour. On the off chance that youÃ¢â¬â¢re upbeat inside yourself, for what reason would it be advisable for you to get amped up for Big Brother and the Three-Year Plans and the Two Minutes Hate and the remainder of their wicked decay? Ã¢â¬ (Orwell, Part 2, Chapter 3, p. 167). According to the Party, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing of the sort as adoration or companionship, and even the current emotions must be pointed towards Big Brother, the authoritarian chief who must be seen on the banners everywhere throughout the city, which show Big BrotherÃ¢â¬â¢s representation and an unnerving trademark: Ã¢â¬Å"Big Brother is viewing youÃ¢â¬ . As indicated by Isaac Asimov Ã¢â¬Å"the incredible Orwellian commitment to future innovation is that the TV is two-way, and that the individuals who are compelled to hear and see the TV screen would themselves be able to be heard and seen consistently and are under steady watch even while resting or in the restroom. Thus, the significance of the expression Ã¢â¬ËBig Brother is viewing youÃ¢â¬â¢. Ã¢â¬ Love, as of now talked about, is contorted, decreased to physical necessities (not even physical delight). In any case, as it is anything but difficult to see, all through the novel, love remains the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s most prominent adversary against which they are as of now battling through controlling the kids Ã¢â¬ yet just accomplishing the demolition of parental love. I consider that kids selling out their folks are an image and regardless, a representation of what Orwell may have envisioned about people in the future who will thoroughly take care of the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose Ã¢â¬ even deceive their own moms
Saturday, August 22, 2020
The article Ã¢â¬Å"Abuse in youth regular among liquor addicts, study findsÃ¢â¬ by Shari Roan introduced in Los Angeles Times in March 15, 2012 abides upon the exploration results gave to the quantity of liquor dependent who were manhandled in adolescence. The article expresses that about a fourth of men and 33% of ladies who experienced liquor compulsion were manhandled while adolescence. It is critical that 12% of men and 49% of ladies detailed about the instances of sexual abuse.Advertising We will compose a custom exposition test on Abuse in Childhood Common Among Alcohol Addicts explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moreover, the article likewise alludes to the situations when individuals experience the ill effects of various types of maltreatment in youth which may bring about creating sorrow and other mental issue. Self destruction is one of the outcomes of the youth misuse. Thusly, the exploration results introduced in the article demonstrate that the majo rity of the individuals who experience the ill effects of alcoholic reliance were mishandled in adolescence. The viciousness, youth physical maltreatment, and parental disregard idea introduced on page 381 of the course book is firmly identified with the article viable. Staying upon the effect of the savagery and maltreatment during youth, the association with the further inabilities and clutters is self-evident. Clarifying this reliance, the researchers are certain that those kids who were damaged during the adolescence become acclimated to the worry for their bodies and mental frameworks. Besides, the creature delivers an excessive amount of hormone cortisol which impacts grown-ups disposition and memory anomaly when youngsters grow up. Also, those individuals who have been manhandled while the adolescence are more exposed to consistent sadness. Having grown up the state of the consistent discouragement, this condition stays in the adulthood and individuals are to adapt to it. Liq uor is considered as one of the ways for individuals to conquer their current condition. The thoughts introduced on the 173rd page of the course reading offer the possibility that individuals drink to build their friendliness. Referencing to the issue of the youth misuse, it might be affirmed that those kids who are continually manhandled at home don't have cozy associations with their friends and when they grow up the difficult remains. Such kids can't speak with others as all they feared managing individuals while youth. In this manner, the craving to speak with others, to discover companions and become friendly is the purpose behind liquor enslavement. In any case, this longing is incited by the youth savagery and injury. Managing the issue of liquor enslavement brought about by the maltreatment in youth, it is imperative to allude to various clinicians. Above all else, one should utilize the administrations of the conduct neuroscience analyst to ensure that the hormone forms are adjusted and an individual is prepared for mental help of another specialist.Advertising Looking for article on sociologies? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Developmental and social therapists are significant for this situation in numerous reasons. The formative analysts will consider the advancement of individuals over the whole life expectancy to ensure that the reasons and the outcomes of the liquor fixation are comprehended. Besides, the likelihood to follow the physical, passionate, and social improvement of the individual during his/her life may help comprehend the explanations behind liquor abuse better. The social clinicians is helpful for see how nature and individuals who were close to an individual affected his/her current condition. This may help comprehend the reasons of liquor dependence and the approaches to tackle the issue. This article on Abuse in Childhood Common Among Alcohol Addicts was composed and put together by client Daniela Hernandez to help you with your own investigations. You are allowed to utilize it for research and reference purposes so as to compose your own paper; notwithstanding, you should refer to it as needs be. You can give your paper here.
Friday, August 21, 2020
What Is Super Scoring Your test scores are a significant and important component of your college application. Whether you take the ACT, SAT, and regardless of which SAT IIs you choose to take, you will more likely than not take your exams more than once in an effort to improve your score. Oftentimes the sections that improve during one sitting arenât the same as the sections that improve during your next sitting. Wouldnât it be great if you could take one section that you scored super well in from one sitting and pair it with another strong section from a different sitting? That, our friends, is called supers coring, and some colleges are fine with it.Super scoring is essentially taking your highest scores from each test that you sat for and compiling them for colleges to review. Hereâs an example of super scoring for the ACT:Letâs say you took the ACT in April and June. Here were your April scores:English: 35Reading: 34Science: 30Math: 31Writing: 9Now, you decide to re-take because you want to improve everything except English. Your June scores are:English: 34Reading: 33Science: 32Math: 30Writing: 10Super scoring allows you to be evaluated as if these were your scores:English: 35Reading: 34Science: 32Math: 31Writing: 10 Your highest scores in each category make up your new composite score. Cool, right? Yes, but you canât report the bolded compilation of scores as your scores. Colleges oftentimes ask that you submit all of your exam official reports and then they commit to consider only your highest scores in each section. This results in a composite similar to the bolded option above, but naturally youâd report the results from each individual sitting. You yourself would not super score your results, but rather report all of your test scores and then they would isolate the highest scores. Thus, the âallows you to be evaluated as if these were your scoresâ written above, not âallows you to claim these scores as resulting from one sitting.âWhat about the SAT? Ye s, the SAT is super-scorable as well. Schools that allow you to superscore one allow you to superscore the other. You canât superscore both, though. You have to commit to one. Just because you got a 35 on the Math section and a 31 on the English section of the ACT and a 690 on the Math section and 800 on the English section of the SAT, doesnât mean that you can mix and match. Thatâs crazy talk. Letâs say you took 3 tests total and you only want a college super score 2 out of those 3 tests and act as if the third test didnât happen at all? That is possible but it depends on the schoolâs requirements. It depends on if schools have the self-report option. Schools have different standards for reporting. Certain schools ask you to submit all of your scores from every exam you sat for, and other schools have score choice, where you can choose which exams to report from the ones you sat for. Be sure to review each schoolâs individual policy on this matter, because every scho ol is a little bit different. If a school commits to super scoring, you can be sure that they will in fact consider the highest scores from each of your sittings and it is to your benefit to submit all of your test scores. Itâs never in your interest to lie.Reach out to us if you have any questions regarding super scoring. We know it can be a confusing process, but we love it and weâre here to help.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Do you know what time it is? How about the date? If you are in a German-speaking country, you will want to know how to ask and answer those questions in German. There are some tricks, so first review how to tell time in German. Now lets explore terms forÃ Ã¢â¬â¹the clock, calendar, seasons, weeks, days, dates, and other time-related vocabulary. Dates and Time in German Noun genders: r (der, masc.), e (die, fem.), s (das, neu.)Abbreviations: adj. (adjective), adv. (adverb), n. (noun), pl. (plural), v. (verb) A after, past (prep., with time.) nachafter ten oclock nach zehn Uhrquarter past five viertel nach fÃ ¼nffive past ten fÃ ¼nf nach zehn afternoon (n.) r Nachmittagafternoons, in the afternoon nachmittags, am Nachmittag ago vortwo hours ago vor zwei Stundenten years ago vor zehn Jahren AM, a.m. morgens, vormittagsNote: German schedules and timetables use 24-hour time rather than AM or PM. annual(ly) (adj./adv.) jÃ ¤hrlich (YEHR-lich) The word jÃ ¤hrlich is based on das Jahr (year), the root word for many similar words in German, including das Jahrhundert (century) and das Jahrzehnt (decade). April (der) Aprilin April im April(See all of the months below, under month.) around (prep., with time) gegenaround ten oclock gegen zehn Uhr at (prep., with time) umat ten oclock um zehn Uhr autumn, fall r Herbstin (the) autumn/fall im Herbst B balance wheel (clock) (n.) e Unruh, s Drehpendel before (adv., prep.) (be)vor, vorher, zuvorthe day before yesterday vorgesternbefore ten oclock (be)vor zehn Uhryears before Jahre frÃ ¼her Because the English word before can have so many meanings in German, it is wise to learn the appropriate phrases or idioms. Part of the problem is that the word (in both languages) can function as an adverb, an adjective, or a preposition, AND can be used to express both time (previous to, earlier) and location (in front of). In clock time vor is used to mean before or to, as in ten to four zehn vor vier. behind (prep., time) hinter (dative)Thats behind me now. Das ist jetzt hinter mir. behind (n., time) r RÃ ¼ckstand(be) behind schedule/time im RÃ ¼ckstand (sein)weeks behind Wochen im RÃ ¼ckstand C calendar (n.) r Kalender Both the English word calendar and German Kalender come from the Latin word kalendae (calends, the day when accounts are due) or the first day of the month. Roman dates were expressed in kalendae, nonae (nones), and idus (ides), the 1st, 5th, and 13th days of a month (the 15th day in the months of March, May, July, and October) respectively. The names for the months of the year came into English, German and most of the Western languages via Greek and Latin. Central European Daylight Saving Time MitteleuropÃ ¤ische Sommerzeit (MESZ) (GMT 2 hours, from the last Sunday in March until the last Sunday in October) Central European Time MitteleuropÃ ¤ische Zeit (MEZ) (GMT 1 hour) chronometer s Chronometer clock, watch e Uhr The word for clock/watchÃ¢â¬âUhrÃ¢â¬âcame to German via French heure from Latin hora (time, hour). That same Latin word gave English the word hour. Sometimes German uses the abbreviation h for Uhr or hour, as in 5h25 (5:25) or km/h ( Stundenkilometer, km per hour). clock face, dial s Zifferblatt clockwork s RÃ ¤derwerk, s Uhrwerk count (v.) zÃ ¤hlen (TSAY-len) CAUTION! Do not confuse zÃ ¤hlen with zahlen (to pay)! day(s) r Tag (die Tage) day after tomorrow (adv.) Ã ¼bermorgen day before yesterday (adv.) vorgestern day by day, from day to day (adv.) von Tag zu Tag daylight saving time e Sommerzeitstandard time (n.) e Standardzeit, e Winterzeit Germany first introduced Sommerzeit during the war years. MESZ (MitteleuropÃ ¤ische Sommerzeit, Central European DST) was reintroduced in 1980. In coordination with other European countries, Germany uses MESZ from the last Sunday in March until the last Sunday in October. dial (clock, watch) s Zifferblatt, e Zifferanzeige (digital display) digital (adj.) digital (DIG-ee-tal)digital display e Zifferanzeige, s Display E escapement (clock) e Hemmung escapement wheel (clock) s Hemmrad eternal(ly) (adj./adv.) ewig eternity e Ewigkeit evening r Abendevenings, in the evening abends, am Abend F fall, autumn r Herbstin the fall/autumn im Herbst fast (clock, watch) (adv.) vorMy watch is running fast. Meine Uhr geht vor. first (adj.) erst-the first car das erste Autothe first day der erste Tagthe first door die erste TÃ ¼r See German Numbers for an English-German guide to ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd...) and cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3, 4...). fortnight, two weeks vierzehn Tage (14 days)in a fortnight/two weeks in vierzehn Tagen fourth (adj.) viert-the fourth car das vierte Autothe fourth day der vierte Tagthe fourth floor die vierte Etage Friday r Freitag(on) Fridays freitags Note that all of the German days of the week are masculine (der). The days of the German week (which starts with Monday) fall in this sequence: Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch, Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag (Sonnabend), Sonntag. G GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) (n.) e Greenwichzeit (GMT) (Also see UTC) grandfather clock, longcase clock (n.) e Standuhr Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (n.) e Greenwichzeit (time at the prime meridian) H h (abbreviation) e Stunde (hour) Latin hora (time, hour) gave English the word hour and German the word for clock ( Uhr). Sometimes German uses the abbreviation h for Uhr or hour, as in 5h25 (5:25) or km/h (Stundenkilometer, km per hour). half (adj./adv.) halbhalf past one (five, eight, etc.) halb zwei (sechs, neun, usw.) hand (clock) r Zeiger (see hour hand, second hand, etc.)big hand groÃÅ¸er Zeigerlittle hand kleiner Zeiger hour e Stundeevery hour jede Stundeevery two/three hours alle zwei/drei Stunden GENDER TIP: Note that all of the German nouns having to do with clock time are feminine (Ã¢â¬â¹die): e Uhr, e Stunde, e Minute, usw. hour glass, sand glass e Sanduhr, s Stundenglas hour hand r Stundenzeiger, r kleine Zeiger (little hand) hourly (adv.) stÃ ¼ndlich, jede Stunde I infinite (adj.) unendlich, endlos infinity (n.) e Unendlichkeit L last, previous (adv.) letzt, voriglast week letzte Woche, vorige Wochelast weekend letztes Wochenende late spÃ ¤tbe late VerspÃ ¤tung haben M minute (n.)Ã e Minute (meh-NOOH-ta) minute handÃ r Minutenzeiger, r groÃÅ¸e Zeiger MondayÃ r Montag(on) MondaysÃ montags Montag, like English Monday, is named for the moon (der Mond), i.e., moon-day. On German (European) calendars, the week begins with Montag, not Sonntag (the last day of the week): Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch, Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag (Sonnabend), Sonntag. This has the benefit of putting the two weekend days together rather than separated, as on Anglo-American calendars. month(s)Ã r Monat (die Monate) Months in German: (all der) Januar, Februar, MÃ ¤rz, April, Mai, Juni, Juli, August, September, Oktober, November, Dezember. morningÃ r Morgen, r Vormittagthis morningÃ heute Morgentomorrow morningÃ morgen frÃ ¼h, morgen Vormittagyesterday morningÃ gestern frÃ ¼h, gestern Vormittag N next (adv.)Ã nÃ ¤chstnext weekÃ nÃ ¤chste Wochenext weekendÃ nÃ ¤chstes Wochenende night(s)Ã e Nacht (NÃ ¤chte)at nightÃ nachts, in der Nachtby nightÃ bei Nacht number(s)Ã e Zahl (Zahlen), e Ziffer(n) (on clock face), e Nummer(n) O oversleepÃ sich verschlafen P past, after (clock time)Ã nachquarter past fiveÃ viertel nach fÃ ¼nffive past tenÃ fÃ ¼nf nach zehn pendulumÃ s Pendel pendulum clockÃ e Pendeluhr PMÃ abends, nachmittags Note: German schedules and timetables use 24-hour time rather than AM or PM. pocket watchÃ e Taschenuhr Q quarter (one fourth) (n., adv.)Ã s Viertelquarter to/pastÃ viertel vor/nachquarter past fiveÃ viertel sechs S sand glass, hour glassÃ s Stundenglas, e Sanduhr SaturdayÃ r Samstag, r Sonnabend(on) SaturdaysÃ samstags, sonnabends season (of year)Ã e Jahreszeitthe four seasonsÃ die vier Jahreszeiten second (n.)Ã e Sekunde (say-KOON-da) second (adj.)Ã zweit-second-largestÃ zweitgrÃ ¶ÃÅ¸tethe second carÃ das zweite Autothe second doorÃ die zweite TÃ ¼r second handÃ r Sekundenzeiger slow (clock, watch) (adv.)Ã nachMy watch is running slow.Ã Meine Uhr geht nach. spring (n.)Ã e Feder, e Zugfeder spring (season)Ã r FrÃ ¼hling, s FrÃ ¼hjahrin (the) springÃ im FrÃ ¼hling/FrÃ ¼hjahr spring balanceÃ e Federwaage standard timeÃ e Standardzeit, e Winterzeitdaylight saving time (n.)Ã e Sommerzeit summerÃ r Sommerin (the) summerÃ im Sommer SundayÃ r Sonntag(on) SundaysÃ sonntags sun dialÃ e Sonnenuhr T third (adj.)Ã dritt-third-largestÃ drittgrÃ ¶ÃÅ¸tethe third carÃ das dritte Autothe third doorÃ die dritte TÃ ¼r timeÃ e Zeit (pron. TSYTE) time clockÃ e Stempeluhr time zoneÃ e Zeitzone The worlds official 24 time zones were created in October 1884 (1893 in Prussia) by an international conference in Washington, D.C. in response to the needs of railroads, shipping companies, and increasing international travel. Each hours zone is 15 degrees in width (15 LÃ ¤ngengraden) with Greenwich as the prime (zero) meridian (Nullmeridian) and the International Date line at 180Ã º. In practice, most time zone boundaries are adjusted to conform to various political and geographic considerations. There are even some half-hour time zones. ThursdayÃ r Donnerstag(on) ThursdaysÃ donnerstags today (adv.)Ã heutetodays newspaperÃ die heutige Zeitung, die Zeitung von heutea week/month from todayÃ heute in einer Woche/einem Monat tomorrow (adv.)Ã morgen (not capitalized)tomorrow afternoonÃ morgen Nachmittagtomorrow eveningÃ morgen Abendtomorrow morningÃ morgen frÃ ¼h, morgen Vormittagtomorrow nightÃ morgen Nachta week/month/year ago tomorrowÃ morgen vor einer Woche/einem Monat/einem Jahr TuesdayÃ r Dienstag(on) TuesdaysÃ dienstags U UTCÃ UTC (Coordinated Universal Time, Universel Temps CoordonnÃ ©) - Also see GMT.) UTC was introduced in 1964 and is headquartered at the Paris Observatory (but calculated from the prime meridian at Greenwich). Since 1972 UTC has been based on atomic clocks. A UTC radio time signal (Zeitzeichen) is broadcast around the world. UTC is coordinated with solar time (UT1). Because of irregularities in the earths rotation, a leap second must be introduced from time to time in December or June.Ã W watch, clockÃ e Uhr, e Armbanduhr (wristwatch) WednesdayÃ r Mittwoch(on) WednesdaysÃ mittwochsAsh WednesdayÃ Aschermittwoch Ã¯ » ¿week(s)Ã e Woche (die Wochen)a week agoÃ vor einer Wochefor a weekÃ (fÃ ¼r) eine Wochein a weekÃ in einer Wochetwo weeks, fortnight (n.)Ã vierzehn Tage (14 days)in two weeks/a fortnightÃ in vierzehn Tagenthis/next/last weekÃ diese/nÃ ¤chste/vorige Wochedays of the weekÃ die Tage der Woche Days of the Week with Abbreviations: Montag (Mo), Dienstag (Di), Mittwoch (Mi), Donnerstag (Do), Freitag (Fr), Samstag (Sa), Sonntag (So). weekday (Mon.-Fri.)Ã r Wochentag, r Werktag (Mo-Fr)(on) weekdaysÃ wochentags, werktags weekendÃ s Wochenendea long weekendÃ ein verlÃ ¤ngertes Wochenendeat/on the weekendÃ am Wochenendeat/on weekendsÃ an Wochenendenfor/over the weekendÃ Ã ¼bers Wochenende weekly (adj./adv.)Ã wÃ ¶chentlich, Wochen- (prefix)weekly newspaperÃ Wochenzeitung winterÃ r Winterin (the) winterÃ im Winter wristwatchÃ e Armbanduhr Y year(s)Ã s Jahr (YAHR) (e Jahre)for yearsÃ seit Jahrenin the year 2006Ã im Jahr(e) 2006 yesterday (adv.)Ã gestern
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Los muchachos migrantes indocumentados que han tenido alguna vez DACA aprobado pueden solicitar su renovaciÃ ³n por decisiÃ ³n de varias sentencias judiciales, a pesar de la orden del presidente Donald Trump de finalizar ese programa. DACA es un permiso que permite vivir temporalmente en Estados Unidos a jÃ ³venes migrantes indocumentados que llegaron al paÃ s siendo niÃ ±os y que reÃ ºnen una serie de requisitos. La obtenciÃ ³n de DACA abre la puerta a la obtenciÃ ³n de un NÃ ºmero del Seguro Social, permiso de trabajo, licencia de manejar, etc., pero no es un camino hacia la tarjeta de residencia permanente, conocida como green card. En este artÃ culo se informa sobre los requisitos para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA, quÃ © documentos deben presentarse al Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n y CiudadanÃ a (USCIS, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s), cuÃ ¡l es el costo y posibles casos para pedir una exenciÃ ³n del pago y, finalmente, con cuÃ ¡nta antelaciÃ ³n se debe enviar la peticiÃ ³n de renovaciÃ ³n y cuÃ ¡nto tiempo se demoran en contestar. Ã ¿QuiÃ ©nes pueden renovar DACA?: Requisitos Para tener derecho para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA es obligatorio cumplir los siguientes requisitos. En primer lugar, tener o haber tenido DACA aprobado. En otras palabras, en la actualidad, no se puede solicitar este permiso por primera vez. Tampoco se puede solicitar un advance parole, que es un permiso para viajar fuera de Estados Unidos y regresar y que cuando gobernaba el presidente Barack Obama sÃ que se podÃ a pedir. En segundo lugar, es obligatorio no haber salido de Estados Unidos a fecha del 15 de agosto de 2012 o posteriormente, a menos que se tuviera un advance parole que lo permitiese. En tercer lugar, es requisito haber residido permanentemente en los Estados Unidos desde la fecha que se solicitÃ ³ DACA por primera vez. Y, finalmente, tambiÃ ©n es requisito no haber sido condenado por una felonÃ a, ni falta importante Ã¢â¬âlo que se conoce en inglÃ ©s como significant misdemeanorÃ¢â¬â ni por 3 o mÃ ¡s faltas regulares. Tampoco pueden solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA los muchachos considerados como un peligro para la seguridad nacional o pÃ ºblica. En este Ã ºltimo apartado estÃ ¡n considerados los miembros de las pandillas. SegÃ ºn el National Immigration Law Center, es altamente recomendable para los muchachos indocumentados contactar con un abogado migratorio de AILA o con un representante acreditado por el Board of Immigration Appeals antes de solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA si estÃ ¡n en una de las siguientes situaciones: Ha sido arrestadoTiene una acusaciÃ ³n pendienteTiene una citaciÃ ³n judicialHa sido condenado por delito o faltaTiene una orden de deportaciÃ ³n, ha firmado una salida voluntariaTiene un caso de inmigraciÃ ³n cerrado administrativamenteTiene abierto un proceso de deportaciÃ ³n o de expulsiÃ ³n En estos casos mencionados, la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n de DACA podrÃ a llamar la atenciÃ ³n de las autoridades migratorias sobre las circunstancias del solicitante y colocarle en situaciÃ ³n de prioridad de deportaciÃ ³n. Para evitar estos riesgos es recomendable consultar el caso con un abogado migratorio. TramitaciÃ ³n para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA y documentos necesarios Hay dos clases de tramitaciÃ ³n para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n del caso. AsÃ , deben utilizar los documentos que se utilizaron para solicitar DACA por primera vez todos aquellos muchachos cuyo DACA hubiera expirado antes del 5 de septiembre de 2016. Asimismo, deben seguir ese mismo procedimiento los que tuvieron alguna vez DACA y les fue terminado por una decisiÃ ³n de USCIS y los muchachos cuyo DACA fue inicialmente aprobado por ICE. Los documentos para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n en esos tres casos son los siguientes: Forma 821DForma I-765, para el permiso de trabajoForma I-765WCopia por delante y por detrÃ ¡s del Ã ºltimo permiso de trabajoDos fotos tipo pasaporte tomadas en los Ã ºltimos 30 dÃ as antes de enviar solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n.Todos los documentos que demuestran que se reÃ ºnen los requisitos para DACA en relaciÃ ³n a edad, identidad, residencia en Estados Unidos y educaciÃ ³n o servicio militar. Por otro lado, los muchachos con DACA con fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del 5 de septiembre de 2016 o posterior pueden aplicar para renovar enviando los siguientes documentos. Forma 821D, dejar en blanco la parte que dice for inicial request onlyForma I-765Forma I-765WCopia de anverso y reverso de Ã ºltimo permiso de trabajo2 fotos tipo pasaporte tomadas en los Ã ºltimos 30 dÃ asAdjuntar documentos nuevos si ha habido arrestos, detenciones, inicio procedimiento de deportaciÃ ³n, etc. y no se han aportado previamente. En todos los casos de renovaciÃ ³n deben utilizarse los formularios mÃ ¡s recientes, que pueden obtenerse gratuitamente en la pÃ ¡gina oficial de USCIS y verificar que se rellena la casilla en la que se solicita la fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del permiso DACA. USCIS puede solicitar informaciÃ ³n adicional o puede contactar con otras agencias del gobierno para verificar que no se ha mentido en la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n de DACA. En cuando a quÃ © oficina de USCIS se debe enviar la solicitud, depende del lugar de residencia del solicitante. Se aconseja utilizar correo certificado para hacer mejor seguimiento del paquete y tambiÃ ©n es aconsejable incluir el formulario G-1145 para recibir confirmaciÃ ³n digital de que ha sido aceptado por USCIS. Costo de renovar DACA y posibles exenciones de pago El costo actual para renovar DACA estÃ ¡ fijado en $495. Si no se puede pagar se pueden solicitar prÃ ©stamos o becas como la de United We Dream. AdemÃ ¡s, USCIS permite en casos excepcionales solicitar la exenciÃ ³n del pago a las personas que se encuentren en alguna de las siguientes circunstancias. Menores de 18 aÃ ±os en foster care, desamparados o sin apoyo familiar y con ingresos inferiores al 150% de la lÃ nea de pobreza.Incapacitados crÃ ³nicos con ingresos inferiores al 150% de la lÃ nea de pobrezaPersonas con deudas superiores a $10.000 en el Ã ºltimo aÃ ±o por gastos mÃ ©dicos para sÃ mismas o familiares inmediatos y con ingresos inferiores al 150% de la lÃ nea de la pobreza. En estos casos, debe enviarse a USCIS antes de solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA una carta en inglÃ ©s con documentos que apoyen el caso y enviarla a: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration ServicesAttn: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Fee Exemption Request20 Massachusetts Ave., NW4th Floor, Suite 4300MSC 2300Washington, DC 20529 Si USCIS aprueba la exenciÃ ³n, debe incluirse la carta en la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n. CuÃ ¡ndo debe enviarse la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n de DACA En la actualidad, USCIS recomienda enviar la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n entre 120 y 150 dÃ as antes de la fecha de expiraciÃ ³n y se estÃ ¡ demorando entre 3 y 5 meses en tramitarlas, si bien hay casos en los que ha tardado menos. Cabe preguntarse si es aconsejable enviar la solicitud de renovar antes de los 150 dÃ as aconsejables teniendo en cuenta la situaciÃ ³n volÃ ¡til que se vive. Y es que la supervivencia de DACA depende de resoluciones judiciales. Hasta ahora principalmente dos sentencias han permitido que el programa siga adelante, aunque en una versiÃ ³n limitada: Regents of the University of California et al v. Department of Homeland Security al. y NAACP v. Trump. Por el contrario, Texas v. Nielsen es una amenaza. En este contexto de gran incertidumbre por lo que depararÃ ¡ el futuro solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n antes de 150 dÃ as de su expiraciÃ ³n puede tener sentido. Por ejemplo, si un permiso DACA tiene fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del 30 de septiembre de 2019 y se solicita su renovaciÃ ³n el 31 de enero de ese aÃ ±o, puede suceder que USCIS la apruebe en mayo de 2019 y, de esa forma, estÃ © dando un permiso de trabajo con validez de dos aÃ ±os, es decir, mayo de 2021. Si DACA fuera definitivamente terminado antes de septiembre de 2019 eso quiere decir que se abrÃ an ganado casi dos aÃ ±os con permiso para trabajar. Pero lo cierto es que no se sabe quÃ © va a pasar y en el caso de que DACA fuera terminado tampoco se sabe si USCIS permitirÃ a que los permisos de trabajo siguieran vigentes, si se tramitarÃ an las solicitudes ya enviadas pero todavÃ a no tramitadas o si simplemente se cortarÃ an de raÃ z todos los beneficios y, ademÃ ¡s, se perderÃ a el dinero de la cuota de $495 porque USCIS podrÃ a no regresarla. Por todo ello se aconseja consultar con un abogado en el caso de pedir la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA con una antelaciÃ ³n superior a 150 dÃ as a la fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del permiso que actualmente se tiene. Renovar DACA: requisitos, documentos, costo y cuÃ ¡ndo enviar solicitud Los muchachos indocumentados que llegaron a Estados Unidos siendo niÃ ±os podrÃ an continuar beneficiÃ ¡ndose del permiso conocido como DACA que autoriza a vivir en el paÃ s y permite la obtenciÃ ³n de un permiso de trabajo.Ã ¿QuiÃ ©nes pueden aplicar por DACA por primera vez?: NADIEÃ ¿QuiÃ ©nes pueden renovar DACA?: los muchachos con DACA aprobado, los que tuvieron el permiso pero les expirÃ ³ y aquellos que tambiÃ ©n lo tuvieron pero les fue cancelado por USCIS.Ã ¿QuiÃ ©nes deben consultar con un abogado antes de presentar solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n? Muchachos con sentencias condenatorias por delitos o faltas, acusados por hechos criminales, con citaciones judiciales, considerados un riesgo para la seguridad nacional o pÃ ºblica, con casos abiertos de deportaciÃ ³n, orden de deportaciÃ ³n o expulsiÃ ³n, salida voluntaria firmada, caso de inmigraciÃ ³n cerrado administrativamente, etc.Ã ¿CuÃ ¡l es el costo de renovar DACA?: $495. En algunos casos es posible sol icitar exenciÃ ³n del pago.Ã ¿CuÃ ¡ndo enviar solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n?: USCIS recomienda enviarla entre 120 y 150 dÃ as antes de la expiraciÃ ³n del permiso actual. Se estÃ ¡ demorando unos 120 dÃ a en resolver. Este es un artÃ culo informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal para casos concretos.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Our conclusions on any occasion are direct consequences of any developed concept in our minds. We see the world as we want to see it through our personal perceptions. When we are categorizing anything as desirable or otherwise, we judge using the concepts that we hold to us. Although different concepts may shape different conclusions, they are all influenced by beliefs and experiences. So, to what extent do our beliefs modify the conclusions that we may reach? The knowledge obtained through out someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life through their experiences, or belief system direct decision making almost completely. In my essay I will explore how Ethics and Human sciences correlate with this topic. I will also implement and tie in the connections of Reason and link these concepts with belief and experiences. While looking at Ethics, we can see the direct correlation and relationship that it has on our decision making. Ethics ties in the assumption that one has moral knowledge. This thought is produced to support the notion that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s moralistic values directly influence the knowledge or perception on knowledge. Moral obligation is thought to require some form of action, again bringing in the notion that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s moral belief system plays a huge part in the shaping of their conclusions. A conclusion can be defined by a judgement or decision reached by reasoning, bringing in the thought that this could possibly be a contemplative decision. There are so many ethical implications that support onesShow MoreRelatedEthics Is The Science Of Human Duty1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAccording to the WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s dictionary (1913) ethics is the science of human duty; the body of rules of duty drawn from this science; a particular system of principles and rules concerting duty, whether tr ue or false; rules of practice in respect to a single class of human actions. When we think about ethics in the normal context we think of right or wrong actions directed on humans or animals. More specifically, in educational research when we think about ethics we have to consider five main principalsRead MoreQuestions On Ethics And Human Sciences1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthem: ethics and human sciences. Ethics try to answer the question Ã¢â¬Å"what is good and what is wrongÃ¢â¬ . In this case whether helping the poor is good or wrong. The next area of knowledge that I will be using is history. I will mainly focus on some of the historical events that determine the opinions of two different experts who present two opposite aspects of poverty. Now, I will focus on the first area of knowledge which are ethics. Assuming that the world is one big family and we are all humans withRead MoreTok External Assessment Essay - Knowledge Gives Us a Sense of Who We Are.Ã¢â¬ to What Extent Is This True in the Human Sciences and Ethics1929 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesTOK Ã¢â¬Å"Knowledge gives us a sense of who we are.Ã¢â¬ To what extent is this true in the Human Sciences and Ethics? Socrates once said, Ã¢â¬Å"To know, is to know that you know nothing. That is the meaning of true knowledgeÃ¢â¬ . In similar vein, Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Knowledge is knowing that we cannot knowÃ¢â¬ . A great Indian master, Nisargadatta Maharaj once quoted, Ã¢â¬Å"To know what you are, you must first investigate and know what you are notÃ¢â¬ . What were Socrates, Emerson, Nisargadatta hintingRead MoreYeah717 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesenvironmental science? Name several disciplines involved in environmental science. Environmental Science is the study of how the natural world works and how humans and the environment interact. Environmental Science in an interdisciplinary field which requires expertise from ecology, earth science, chemistry, biology, economics, political science, demography, ethics, and others. Contrast the two meanings of science. Now name three applications of science. One description of science is a systematicRead MoreRational Ethics Or Relational Ethics942 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesToday, the whole world is in dilemma whether to implement rational ethics or relational ethics in decision making process. Rationalists believe that there exist universal truths, independent from humans that can be known through the process of reasoning. Whereas relational ethics asks the question Ã¢â¬Å"what should I do now?Ã¢â¬â¢ rather than Ã¢â¬Å"this is what you should do nowÃ¢â¬ . It is developed and expressed through connection with people rather than right (Bergum, 1998). Especially, when it comes to healthRead MoreEthics and Political Philosophy1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEthics and Political Philosophy PEC 3 Gabriel Benavides Escriva Hans Jonas, The changed nature of human action This chapter, which is the subject of our study is the first book The principle of responsibility: ethics test for technological civilization, and is titled, The changed character of human action. Hans Jonas studied in this chapter, the changes that have occurred in the history of mankind by emphasizing technological vocation of homo sapiens and what this means fromRead MoreNatural Sciences and Ethics1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe definition of natural sciences, the way I see it, is a science of exploration and finding the answers about the world around us and about us as humans. The total opposite of science would be the arts which is a way of expressing your emotions, experiences through various areas. In creation of new ideas there is one thing that everyone needs to consider when assembling experiment or a painting is ethics. Ethics would be a key on how should people act in certain situations and what behaviors areRead MoreTheories Of The Pursuit Of Knowledge1581 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespursuit of knowledge in all scenarios. While I disagree with the absolute, I do agree with the statement in select contexts. However, in objective human sciences, the subjectivity of a know erÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective and bias are not only nonessential, but may be dangerous to the initiation, methodology, and resulting outcomes of inquiry. Meanwhile, in the study of ethics, perspective is theorized to be totally essential to the pursuit of knowledge by some and totally nonessential by others. Even in the pursuitRead MoreCoe of Ethics1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCode of Ethic Paper There are many healthcare organizations that follow their own mission with ethical values and company goals. The American Association for the Advancement of Science follows the mission statement of Ã¢â¬Å"advance science engineering, and innovations throughout the world for the benefit of all people.Ã¢â¬ (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2015) By following company goals, this statement can be reinforced. What are the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals and how are they tiedRead MoreThe Ethics Boundaries Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessolution requires a deep fundamental understanding of ethics.Similar issues of morality come up in the Science world, questioning the ethics of certain type of research. What improved my understanding of this issue is Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Frankenstein, A horror novel that has its main protagonist trespass on major ethics boundaries. Certain ideas Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein are examples of science achieving the unthinkable. Victor Frankenstein is a scientist do the impossible, bring the dead back to
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Charles Dickens Essay Over the pages going through page 54- 55, it shows that Charles Dickens had a detailed style as he writes about Scrooge. He is shown a writer of social realist, this means Dickens likes and observes a comparison and enjoys using a mix of details. He describes the old from the new and his style changes from time to time. On page 57, there is a point where Scrooge had finished the party, and he has shown as a different man. During the whole of this time, Scrooge had acted like a man out of his wits. This shows Scrooge changes his character very often but he dint reflect upon what had happened. He corroborated everything, remembered everything, and enjoyed everything. This describes Scrooge backs everything up. Corroborated means backed it up. As the story expands to 61 pages, Scrooge had already shown his huge changes with his characters. On page 61, there is a feeling of seriousness and dullness, the first spirit is having an argument with Scrooge. Scrooge is having a feeling of a bit dreamy with a mix of scared. Show me no more! Conduct me home. Why do you delight to torture me? Scrooge is angry and annoyed. He wants to leave badly. The first spirit showed Scrooge the flash back of his childhood. It had showed Scrooge the happiness and joy. There is a comparison during these two pages and paragraphs. No more, I dont wish to see it, show me no more! Now, Scrooge is getting more anxious, he is trying to leave. He gets really scared as he watches more of his childhood. As Scrooge tries to leave, the ghost forces him and his mind to continue watching what is going on in his childhood. On page 65, Scrooge is shown as very scared and very frightened. He keeps on asking and begging the ghost to let him go as he cant stand of what is going on anymore. Spirit, said Scrooge in a broken voice, remove me from this place; I cannot bear with it anymore! This quote shows Scrooge is completely lost his emotions and begs and pleases for the spirit to let him out of this place. He said it in a broken voice which shows he is begging for his life and crying for the exit. It shows Scrooge is begging for everything as he wants the exit badly. On page 70, there is an encounter that Scrooge with the Ghost of the Christmas present. Scrooges attitude had changed again but Dickens has showed that he doesnt like meeting with the spirits. Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this spirit. He was not the dogged Scrooge he had been Scrooge is shown as very scared and still hesitantly. And though its eyes were clear and kind, he did not like to meet them. The ghost is described as a very impressive. It was clothes in one simple deep green robe, or mantle, bordered with white fur. The appearance of this ghost is rather strange; it appears with robe and white furs. Scrooges thoughts has changes towards the ghosts when he said, You have never seen the like me before. Over the last few pages, Charles Dickens shows that Scrooge wants to finish with this ghost and done with. This shows even more obvious when Scrooge said Spirit, conduct me where you will. This quote shows Scrooge had given up and saving him, and just told the ghost to do what ever he feels like to do with him. After Scrooge had interfered with this ghost, he had become more scared and horrified. The story of Christmas Carol stretches to 88 pages now, and we can state that the writer Charles Dickens enjoys using the language of drama and old English. He likes using dramatic encounters with ghosts. Adventures Of Huck Finn And Superstitions EssayHe gets more and more horrified as it continues to page 124. On this page, there is a very hideous and detailed description of the grave yard. Scrooge was very curious to know the moment of him in a complete terror. He completely lost his conscience and his body almost gone numb when he saw a grave with him name carved to it in the middle of the grave yard. He completely lost the feelings when he saw the grave, he didnt know what was going on. He was thinking, is this a dream, or a message or a warning, or something which will change someones life. The story begins to slow down as it approaches to the last ten pages, Stave 5. The beginning of stave 5 describes Scrooge was extremely happy that he remain alive, and the fact that he is back. He was thrilled as he found himself not dead and still alive. People including Scrooge were very happy on the streets because it was still Christmas. Although Scrooge had been going to with a few ghosts, and had made him scared and sorrow, but he was very happy now because as he can see other people are celebrating Christmas on the streets. As he sits down and watches people dancing and singing carol songs on the streets, he feels very happy but inside of him, he still feels very thrilled and scared. After Scrooge had came back to earth, Charles Dickens had used a word Chuckle a lot, its use was to create the hype of Scrooges attitude and character. As he begins to leave his house and walk, he sings with people and dance with people. He walks through the streets and made jokes with people. Scrooge is fooling bob, being angry but is actually faking. His character had change again to become a jokey man as before he was a straight hard man when the story got started. Throughout the book, we can clearly see that Scrooge had changed his attitude and character quite a few times in each of part of the book, especially when he meets each different ghost. During the beginning of the story, he was shown as a dull person, firstly he dulls himself, not making any friends and chatting to anyone. He was alone by himself, isolating himself from other people. He had gone through the all four process of life time. Happiness, angry, sorrow, joy, these are the four main process that Scrooge had entered and experienced through the whole story. After he faced the first ghost, he then reminded of his childhood, this is when he encounters with the Spirit of the Christmas. He had totally changed in his attitude and character as he became a child again. He was described to be very cheerful and happy. As he sees more of his childhood, he got really sad and scared. This might happens because as he watches more, he thinks of himself in the life time that he is having now and he is feeling sad and not happy as the flash back continues. He is feeling ashamed of himself of what he is living with now. He was embarrass to face himself now and the past time.