Monday, May 25, 2020
Do you know what time it is? How about the date? If you are in a German-speaking country, you will want to know how to ask and answer those questions in German. There are some tricks, so first review how to tell time in German. Now lets explore terms forÃ Ã¢â¬â¹the clock, calendar, seasons, weeks, days, dates, and other time-related vocabulary. Dates and Time in German Noun genders: r (der, masc.), e (die, fem.), s (das, neu.)Abbreviations: adj. (adjective), adv. (adverb), n. (noun), pl. (plural), v. (verb) A after, past (prep., with time.) nachafter ten oclock nach zehn Uhrquarter past five viertel nach fÃ ¼nffive past ten fÃ ¼nf nach zehn afternoon (n.) r Nachmittagafternoons, in the afternoon nachmittags, am Nachmittag ago vortwo hours ago vor zwei Stundenten years ago vor zehn Jahren AM, a.m. morgens, vormittagsNote: German schedules and timetables use 24-hour time rather than AM or PM. annual(ly) (adj./adv.) jÃ ¤hrlich (YEHR-lich) The word jÃ ¤hrlich is based on das Jahr (year), the root word for many similar words in German, including das Jahrhundert (century) and das Jahrzehnt (decade). April (der) Aprilin April im April(See all of the months below, under month.) around (prep., with time) gegenaround ten oclock gegen zehn Uhr at (prep., with time) umat ten oclock um zehn Uhr autumn, fall r Herbstin (the) autumn/fall im Herbst B balance wheel (clock) (n.) e Unruh, s Drehpendel before (adv., prep.) (be)vor, vorher, zuvorthe day before yesterday vorgesternbefore ten oclock (be)vor zehn Uhryears before Jahre frÃ ¼her Because the English word before can have so many meanings in German, it is wise to learn the appropriate phrases or idioms. Part of the problem is that the word (in both languages) can function as an adverb, an adjective, or a preposition, AND can be used to express both time (previous to, earlier) and location (in front of). In clock time vor is used to mean before or to, as in ten to four zehn vor vier. behind (prep., time) hinter (dative)Thats behind me now. Das ist jetzt hinter mir. behind (n., time) r RÃ ¼ckstand(be) behind schedule/time im RÃ ¼ckstand (sein)weeks behind Wochen im RÃ ¼ckstand C calendar (n.) r Kalender Both the English word calendar and German Kalender come from the Latin word kalendae (calends, the day when accounts are due) or the first day of the month. Roman dates were expressed in kalendae, nonae (nones), and idus (ides), the 1st, 5th, and 13th days of a month (the 15th day in the months of March, May, July, and October) respectively. The names for the months of the year came into English, German and most of the Western languages via Greek and Latin. Central European Daylight Saving Time MitteleuropÃ ¤ische Sommerzeit (MESZ) (GMT 2 hours, from the last Sunday in March until the last Sunday in October) Central European Time MitteleuropÃ ¤ische Zeit (MEZ) (GMT 1 hour) chronometer s Chronometer clock, watch e Uhr The word for clock/watchÃ¢â¬âUhrÃ¢â¬âcame to German via French heure from Latin hora (time, hour). That same Latin word gave English the word hour. Sometimes German uses the abbreviation h for Uhr or hour, as in 5h25 (5:25) or km/h ( Stundenkilometer, km per hour). clock face, dial s Zifferblatt clockwork s RÃ ¤derwerk, s Uhrwerk count (v.) zÃ ¤hlen (TSAY-len) CAUTION! Do not confuse zÃ ¤hlen with zahlen (to pay)! day(s) r Tag (die Tage) day after tomorrow (adv.) Ã ¼bermorgen day before yesterday (adv.) vorgestern day by day, from day to day (adv.) von Tag zu Tag daylight saving time e Sommerzeitstandard time (n.) e Standardzeit, e Winterzeit Germany first introduced Sommerzeit during the war years. MESZ (MitteleuropÃ ¤ische Sommerzeit, Central European DST) was reintroduced in 1980. In coordination with other European countries, Germany uses MESZ from the last Sunday in March until the last Sunday in October. dial (clock, watch) s Zifferblatt, e Zifferanzeige (digital display) digital (adj.) digital (DIG-ee-tal)digital display e Zifferanzeige, s Display E escapement (clock) e Hemmung escapement wheel (clock) s Hemmrad eternal(ly) (adj./adv.) ewig eternity e Ewigkeit evening r Abendevenings, in the evening abends, am Abend F fall, autumn r Herbstin the fall/autumn im Herbst fast (clock, watch) (adv.) vorMy watch is running fast. Meine Uhr geht vor. first (adj.) erst-the first car das erste Autothe first day der erste Tagthe first door die erste TÃ ¼r See German Numbers for an English-German guide to ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd...) and cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3, 4...). fortnight, two weeks vierzehn Tage (14 days)in a fortnight/two weeks in vierzehn Tagen fourth (adj.) viert-the fourth car das vierte Autothe fourth day der vierte Tagthe fourth floor die vierte Etage Friday r Freitag(on) Fridays freitags Note that all of the German days of the week are masculine (der). The days of the German week (which starts with Monday) fall in this sequence: Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch, Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag (Sonnabend), Sonntag. G GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) (n.) e Greenwichzeit (GMT) (Also see UTC) grandfather clock, longcase clock (n.) e Standuhr Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (n.) e Greenwichzeit (time at the prime meridian) H h (abbreviation) e Stunde (hour) Latin hora (time, hour) gave English the word hour and German the word for clock ( Uhr). Sometimes German uses the abbreviation h for Uhr or hour, as in 5h25 (5:25) or km/h (Stundenkilometer, km per hour). half (adj./adv.) halbhalf past one (five, eight, etc.) halb zwei (sechs, neun, usw.) hand (clock) r Zeiger (see hour hand, second hand, etc.)big hand groÃÅ¸er Zeigerlittle hand kleiner Zeiger hour e Stundeevery hour jede Stundeevery two/three hours alle zwei/drei Stunden GENDER TIP: Note that all of the German nouns having to do with clock time are feminine (Ã¢â¬â¹die): e Uhr, e Stunde, e Minute, usw. hour glass, sand glass e Sanduhr, s Stundenglas hour hand r Stundenzeiger, r kleine Zeiger (little hand) hourly (adv.) stÃ ¼ndlich, jede Stunde I infinite (adj.) unendlich, endlos infinity (n.) e Unendlichkeit L last, previous (adv.) letzt, voriglast week letzte Woche, vorige Wochelast weekend letztes Wochenende late spÃ ¤tbe late VerspÃ ¤tung haben M minute (n.)Ã e Minute (meh-NOOH-ta) minute handÃ r Minutenzeiger, r groÃÅ¸e Zeiger MondayÃ r Montag(on) MondaysÃ montags Montag, like English Monday, is named for the moon (der Mond), i.e., moon-day. On German (European) calendars, the week begins with Montag, not Sonntag (the last day of the week): Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch, Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag (Sonnabend), Sonntag. This has the benefit of putting the two weekend days together rather than separated, as on Anglo-American calendars. month(s)Ã r Monat (die Monate) Months in German: (all der) Januar, Februar, MÃ ¤rz, April, Mai, Juni, Juli, August, September, Oktober, November, Dezember. morningÃ r Morgen, r Vormittagthis morningÃ heute Morgentomorrow morningÃ morgen frÃ ¼h, morgen Vormittagyesterday morningÃ gestern frÃ ¼h, gestern Vormittag N next (adv.)Ã nÃ ¤chstnext weekÃ nÃ ¤chste Wochenext weekendÃ nÃ ¤chstes Wochenende night(s)Ã e Nacht (NÃ ¤chte)at nightÃ nachts, in der Nachtby nightÃ bei Nacht number(s)Ã e Zahl (Zahlen), e Ziffer(n) (on clock face), e Nummer(n) O oversleepÃ sich verschlafen P past, after (clock time)Ã nachquarter past fiveÃ viertel nach fÃ ¼nffive past tenÃ fÃ ¼nf nach zehn pendulumÃ s Pendel pendulum clockÃ e Pendeluhr PMÃ abends, nachmittags Note: German schedules and timetables use 24-hour time rather than AM or PM. pocket watchÃ e Taschenuhr Q quarter (one fourth) (n., adv.)Ã s Viertelquarter to/pastÃ viertel vor/nachquarter past fiveÃ viertel sechs S sand glass, hour glassÃ s Stundenglas, e Sanduhr SaturdayÃ r Samstag, r Sonnabend(on) SaturdaysÃ samstags, sonnabends season (of year)Ã e Jahreszeitthe four seasonsÃ die vier Jahreszeiten second (n.)Ã e Sekunde (say-KOON-da) second (adj.)Ã zweit-second-largestÃ zweitgrÃ ¶ÃÅ¸tethe second carÃ das zweite Autothe second doorÃ die zweite TÃ ¼r second handÃ r Sekundenzeiger slow (clock, watch) (adv.)Ã nachMy watch is running slow.Ã Meine Uhr geht nach. spring (n.)Ã e Feder, e Zugfeder spring (season)Ã r FrÃ ¼hling, s FrÃ ¼hjahrin (the) springÃ im FrÃ ¼hling/FrÃ ¼hjahr spring balanceÃ e Federwaage standard timeÃ e Standardzeit, e Winterzeitdaylight saving time (n.)Ã e Sommerzeit summerÃ r Sommerin (the) summerÃ im Sommer SundayÃ r Sonntag(on) SundaysÃ sonntags sun dialÃ e Sonnenuhr T third (adj.)Ã dritt-third-largestÃ drittgrÃ ¶ÃÅ¸tethe third carÃ das dritte Autothe third doorÃ die dritte TÃ ¼r timeÃ e Zeit (pron. TSYTE) time clockÃ e Stempeluhr time zoneÃ e Zeitzone The worlds official 24 time zones were created in October 1884 (1893 in Prussia) by an international conference in Washington, D.C. in response to the needs of railroads, shipping companies, and increasing international travel. Each hours zone is 15 degrees in width (15 LÃ ¤ngengraden) with Greenwich as the prime (zero) meridian (Nullmeridian) and the International Date line at 180Ã º. In practice, most time zone boundaries are adjusted to conform to various political and geographic considerations. There are even some half-hour time zones. ThursdayÃ r Donnerstag(on) ThursdaysÃ donnerstags today (adv.)Ã heutetodays newspaperÃ die heutige Zeitung, die Zeitung von heutea week/month from todayÃ heute in einer Woche/einem Monat tomorrow (adv.)Ã morgen (not capitalized)tomorrow afternoonÃ morgen Nachmittagtomorrow eveningÃ morgen Abendtomorrow morningÃ morgen frÃ ¼h, morgen Vormittagtomorrow nightÃ morgen Nachta week/month/year ago tomorrowÃ morgen vor einer Woche/einem Monat/einem Jahr TuesdayÃ r Dienstag(on) TuesdaysÃ dienstags U UTCÃ UTC (Coordinated Universal Time, Universel Temps CoordonnÃ ©) - Also see GMT.) UTC was introduced in 1964 and is headquartered at the Paris Observatory (but calculated from the prime meridian at Greenwich). Since 1972 UTC has been based on atomic clocks. A UTC radio time signal (Zeitzeichen) is broadcast around the world. UTC is coordinated with solar time (UT1). Because of irregularities in the earths rotation, a leap second must be introduced from time to time in December or June.Ã W watch, clockÃ e Uhr, e Armbanduhr (wristwatch) WednesdayÃ r Mittwoch(on) WednesdaysÃ mittwochsAsh WednesdayÃ Aschermittwoch Ã¯ » ¿week(s)Ã e Woche (die Wochen)a week agoÃ vor einer Wochefor a weekÃ (fÃ ¼r) eine Wochein a weekÃ in einer Wochetwo weeks, fortnight (n.)Ã vierzehn Tage (14 days)in two weeks/a fortnightÃ in vierzehn Tagenthis/next/last weekÃ diese/nÃ ¤chste/vorige Wochedays of the weekÃ die Tage der Woche Days of the Week with Abbreviations: Montag (Mo), Dienstag (Di), Mittwoch (Mi), Donnerstag (Do), Freitag (Fr), Samstag (Sa), Sonntag (So). weekday (Mon.-Fri.)Ã r Wochentag, r Werktag (Mo-Fr)(on) weekdaysÃ wochentags, werktags weekendÃ s Wochenendea long weekendÃ ein verlÃ ¤ngertes Wochenendeat/on the weekendÃ am Wochenendeat/on weekendsÃ an Wochenendenfor/over the weekendÃ Ã ¼bers Wochenende weekly (adj./adv.)Ã wÃ ¶chentlich, Wochen- (prefix)weekly newspaperÃ Wochenzeitung winterÃ r Winterin (the) winterÃ im Winter wristwatchÃ e Armbanduhr Y year(s)Ã s Jahr (YAHR) (e Jahre)for yearsÃ seit Jahrenin the year 2006Ã im Jahr(e) 2006 yesterday (adv.)Ã gestern
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Los muchachos migrantes indocumentados que han tenido alguna vez DACA aprobado pueden solicitar su renovaciÃ ³n por decisiÃ ³n de varias sentencias judiciales, a pesar de la orden del presidente Donald Trump de finalizar ese programa. DACA es un permiso que permite vivir temporalmente en Estados Unidos a jÃ ³venes migrantes indocumentados que llegaron al paÃ s siendo niÃ ±os y que reÃ ºnen una serie de requisitos. La obtenciÃ ³n de DACA abre la puerta a la obtenciÃ ³n de un NÃ ºmero del Seguro Social, permiso de trabajo, licencia de manejar, etc., pero no es un camino hacia la tarjeta de residencia permanente, conocida como green card. En este artÃ culo se informa sobre los requisitos para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA, quÃ © documentos deben presentarse al Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n y CiudadanÃ a (USCIS, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s), cuÃ ¡l es el costo y posibles casos para pedir una exenciÃ ³n del pago y, finalmente, con cuÃ ¡nta antelaciÃ ³n se debe enviar la peticiÃ ³n de renovaciÃ ³n y cuÃ ¡nto tiempo se demoran en contestar. Ã ¿QuiÃ ©nes pueden renovar DACA?: Requisitos Para tener derecho para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA es obligatorio cumplir los siguientes requisitos. En primer lugar, tener o haber tenido DACA aprobado. En otras palabras, en la actualidad, no se puede solicitar este permiso por primera vez. Tampoco se puede solicitar un advance parole, que es un permiso para viajar fuera de Estados Unidos y regresar y que cuando gobernaba el presidente Barack Obama sÃ que se podÃ a pedir. En segundo lugar, es obligatorio no haber salido de Estados Unidos a fecha del 15 de agosto de 2012 o posteriormente, a menos que se tuviera un advance parole que lo permitiese. En tercer lugar, es requisito haber residido permanentemente en los Estados Unidos desde la fecha que se solicitÃ ³ DACA por primera vez. Y, finalmente, tambiÃ ©n es requisito no haber sido condenado por una felonÃ a, ni falta importante Ã¢â¬âlo que se conoce en inglÃ ©s como significant misdemeanorÃ¢â¬â ni por 3 o mÃ ¡s faltas regulares. Tampoco pueden solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA los muchachos considerados como un peligro para la seguridad nacional o pÃ ºblica. En este Ã ºltimo apartado estÃ ¡n considerados los miembros de las pandillas. SegÃ ºn el National Immigration Law Center, es altamente recomendable para los muchachos indocumentados contactar con un abogado migratorio de AILA o con un representante acreditado por el Board of Immigration Appeals antes de solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA si estÃ ¡n en una de las siguientes situaciones: Ha sido arrestadoTiene una acusaciÃ ³n pendienteTiene una citaciÃ ³n judicialHa sido condenado por delito o faltaTiene una orden de deportaciÃ ³n, ha firmado una salida voluntariaTiene un caso de inmigraciÃ ³n cerrado administrativamenteTiene abierto un proceso de deportaciÃ ³n o de expulsiÃ ³n En estos casos mencionados, la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n de DACA podrÃ a llamar la atenciÃ ³n de las autoridades migratorias sobre las circunstancias del solicitante y colocarle en situaciÃ ³n de prioridad de deportaciÃ ³n. Para evitar estos riesgos es recomendable consultar el caso con un abogado migratorio. TramitaciÃ ³n para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA y documentos necesarios Hay dos clases de tramitaciÃ ³n para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n del caso. AsÃ , deben utilizar los documentos que se utilizaron para solicitar DACA por primera vez todos aquellos muchachos cuyo DACA hubiera expirado antes del 5 de septiembre de 2016. Asimismo, deben seguir ese mismo procedimiento los que tuvieron alguna vez DACA y les fue terminado por una decisiÃ ³n de USCIS y los muchachos cuyo DACA fue inicialmente aprobado por ICE. Los documentos para solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n en esos tres casos son los siguientes: Forma 821DForma I-765, para el permiso de trabajoForma I-765WCopia por delante y por detrÃ ¡s del Ã ºltimo permiso de trabajoDos fotos tipo pasaporte tomadas en los Ã ºltimos 30 dÃ as antes de enviar solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n.Todos los documentos que demuestran que se reÃ ºnen los requisitos para DACA en relaciÃ ³n a edad, identidad, residencia en Estados Unidos y educaciÃ ³n o servicio militar. Por otro lado, los muchachos con DACA con fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del 5 de septiembre de 2016 o posterior pueden aplicar para renovar enviando los siguientes documentos. Forma 821D, dejar en blanco la parte que dice for inicial request onlyForma I-765Forma I-765WCopia de anverso y reverso de Ã ºltimo permiso de trabajo2 fotos tipo pasaporte tomadas en los Ã ºltimos 30 dÃ asAdjuntar documentos nuevos si ha habido arrestos, detenciones, inicio procedimiento de deportaciÃ ³n, etc. y no se han aportado previamente. En todos los casos de renovaciÃ ³n deben utilizarse los formularios mÃ ¡s recientes, que pueden obtenerse gratuitamente en la pÃ ¡gina oficial de USCIS y verificar que se rellena la casilla en la que se solicita la fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del permiso DACA. USCIS puede solicitar informaciÃ ³n adicional o puede contactar con otras agencias del gobierno para verificar que no se ha mentido en la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n de DACA. En cuando a quÃ © oficina de USCIS se debe enviar la solicitud, depende del lugar de residencia del solicitante. Se aconseja utilizar correo certificado para hacer mejor seguimiento del paquete y tambiÃ ©n es aconsejable incluir el formulario G-1145 para recibir confirmaciÃ ³n digital de que ha sido aceptado por USCIS. Costo de renovar DACA y posibles exenciones de pago El costo actual para renovar DACA estÃ ¡ fijado en $495. Si no se puede pagar se pueden solicitar prÃ ©stamos o becas como la de United We Dream. AdemÃ ¡s, USCIS permite en casos excepcionales solicitar la exenciÃ ³n del pago a las personas que se encuentren en alguna de las siguientes circunstancias. Menores de 18 aÃ ±os en foster care, desamparados o sin apoyo familiar y con ingresos inferiores al 150% de la lÃ nea de pobreza.Incapacitados crÃ ³nicos con ingresos inferiores al 150% de la lÃ nea de pobrezaPersonas con deudas superiores a $10.000 en el Ã ºltimo aÃ ±o por gastos mÃ ©dicos para sÃ mismas o familiares inmediatos y con ingresos inferiores al 150% de la lÃ nea de la pobreza. En estos casos, debe enviarse a USCIS antes de solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA una carta en inglÃ ©s con documentos que apoyen el caso y enviarla a: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration ServicesAttn: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Fee Exemption Request20 Massachusetts Ave., NW4th Floor, Suite 4300MSC 2300Washington, DC 20529 Si USCIS aprueba la exenciÃ ³n, debe incluirse la carta en la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n. CuÃ ¡ndo debe enviarse la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n de DACA En la actualidad, USCIS recomienda enviar la solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n entre 120 y 150 dÃ as antes de la fecha de expiraciÃ ³n y se estÃ ¡ demorando entre 3 y 5 meses en tramitarlas, si bien hay casos en los que ha tardado menos. Cabe preguntarse si es aconsejable enviar la solicitud de renovar antes de los 150 dÃ as aconsejables teniendo en cuenta la situaciÃ ³n volÃ ¡til que se vive. Y es que la supervivencia de DACA depende de resoluciones judiciales. Hasta ahora principalmente dos sentencias han permitido que el programa siga adelante, aunque en una versiÃ ³n limitada: Regents of the University of California et al v. Department of Homeland Security al. y NAACP v. Trump. Por el contrario, Texas v. Nielsen es una amenaza. En este contexto de gran incertidumbre por lo que depararÃ ¡ el futuro solicitar la renovaciÃ ³n antes de 150 dÃ as de su expiraciÃ ³n puede tener sentido. Por ejemplo, si un permiso DACA tiene fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del 30 de septiembre de 2019 y se solicita su renovaciÃ ³n el 31 de enero de ese aÃ ±o, puede suceder que USCIS la apruebe en mayo de 2019 y, de esa forma, estÃ © dando un permiso de trabajo con validez de dos aÃ ±os, es decir, mayo de 2021. Si DACA fuera definitivamente terminado antes de septiembre de 2019 eso quiere decir que se abrÃ an ganado casi dos aÃ ±os con permiso para trabajar. Pero lo cierto es que no se sabe quÃ © va a pasar y en el caso de que DACA fuera terminado tampoco se sabe si USCIS permitirÃ a que los permisos de trabajo siguieran vigentes, si se tramitarÃ an las solicitudes ya enviadas pero todavÃ a no tramitadas o si simplemente se cortarÃ an de raÃ z todos los beneficios y, ademÃ ¡s, se perderÃ a el dinero de la cuota de $495 porque USCIS podrÃ a no regresarla. Por todo ello se aconseja consultar con un abogado en el caso de pedir la renovaciÃ ³n de DACA con una antelaciÃ ³n superior a 150 dÃ as a la fecha de expiraciÃ ³n del permiso que actualmente se tiene. Renovar DACA: requisitos, documentos, costo y cuÃ ¡ndo enviar solicitud Los muchachos indocumentados que llegaron a Estados Unidos siendo niÃ ±os podrÃ an continuar beneficiÃ ¡ndose del permiso conocido como DACA que autoriza a vivir en el paÃ s y permite la obtenciÃ ³n de un permiso de trabajo.Ã ¿QuiÃ ©nes pueden aplicar por DACA por primera vez?: NADIEÃ ¿QuiÃ ©nes pueden renovar DACA?: los muchachos con DACA aprobado, los que tuvieron el permiso pero les expirÃ ³ y aquellos que tambiÃ ©n lo tuvieron pero les fue cancelado por USCIS.Ã ¿QuiÃ ©nes deben consultar con un abogado antes de presentar solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n? Muchachos con sentencias condenatorias por delitos o faltas, acusados por hechos criminales, con citaciones judiciales, considerados un riesgo para la seguridad nacional o pÃ ºblica, con casos abiertos de deportaciÃ ³n, orden de deportaciÃ ³n o expulsiÃ ³n, salida voluntaria firmada, caso de inmigraciÃ ³n cerrado administrativamente, etc.Ã ¿CuÃ ¡l es el costo de renovar DACA?: $495. En algunos casos es posible sol icitar exenciÃ ³n del pago.Ã ¿CuÃ ¡ndo enviar solicitud de renovaciÃ ³n?: USCIS recomienda enviarla entre 120 y 150 dÃ as antes de la expiraciÃ ³n del permiso actual. Se estÃ ¡ demorando unos 120 dÃ a en resolver. Este es un artÃ culo informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal para casos concretos.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Our conclusions on any occasion are direct consequences of any developed concept in our minds. We see the world as we want to see it through our personal perceptions. When we are categorizing anything as desirable or otherwise, we judge using the concepts that we hold to us. Although different concepts may shape different conclusions, they are all influenced by beliefs and experiences. So, to what extent do our beliefs modify the conclusions that we may reach? The knowledge obtained through out someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life through their experiences, or belief system direct decision making almost completely. In my essay I will explore how Ethics and Human sciences correlate with this topic. I will also implement and tie in the connections of Reason and link these concepts with belief and experiences. While looking at Ethics, we can see the direct correlation and relationship that it has on our decision making. Ethics ties in the assumption that one has moral knowledge. This thought is produced to support the notion that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s moralistic values directly influence the knowledge or perception on knowledge. Moral obligation is thought to require some form of action, again bringing in the notion that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s moral belief system plays a huge part in the shaping of their conclusions. A conclusion can be defined by a judgement or decision reached by reasoning, bringing in the thought that this could possibly be a contemplative decision. There are so many ethical implications that support onesShow MoreRelatedEthics Is The Science Of Human Duty1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAccording to the WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s dictionary (1913) ethics is the science of human duty; the body of rules of duty drawn from this science; a particular system of principles and rules concerting duty, whether tr ue or false; rules of practice in respect to a single class of human actions. When we think about ethics in the normal context we think of right or wrong actions directed on humans or animals. More specifically, in educational research when we think about ethics we have to consider five main principalsRead MoreQuestions On Ethics And Human Sciences1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthem: ethics and human sciences. Ethics try to answer the question Ã¢â¬Å"what is good and what is wrongÃ¢â¬ . In this case whether helping the poor is good or wrong. The next area of knowledge that I will be using is history. I will mainly focus on some of the historical events that determine the opinions of two different experts who present two opposite aspects of poverty. Now, I will focus on the first area of knowledge which are ethics. 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Especially, when it comes to healthRead MoreEthics and Political Philosophy1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEthics and Political Philosophy PEC 3 Gabriel Benavides Escriva Hans Jonas, The changed nature of human action This chapter, which is the subject of our study is the first book The principle of responsibility: ethics test for technological civilization, and is titled, The changed character of human action. Hans Jonas studied in this chapter, the changes that have occurred in the history of mankind by emphasizing technological vocation of homo sapiens and what this means fromRead MoreNatural Sciences and Ethics1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe definition of natural sciences, the way I see it, is a science of exploration and finding the answers about the world around us and about us as humans. The total opposite of science would be the arts which is a way of expressing your emotions, experiences through various areas. In creation of new ideas there is one thing that everyone needs to consider when assembling experiment or a painting is ethics. Ethics would be a key on how should people act in certain situations and what behaviors areRead MoreTheories Of The Pursuit Of Knowledge1581 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespursuit of knowledge in all scenarios. While I disagree with the absolute, I do agree with the statement in select contexts. However, in objective human sciences, the subjectivity of a know erÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective and bias are not only nonessential, but may be dangerous to the initiation, methodology, and resulting outcomes of inquiry. Meanwhile, in the study of ethics, perspective is theorized to be totally essential to the pursuit of knowledge by some and totally nonessential by others. Even in the pursuitRead MoreCoe of Ethics1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCode of Ethic Paper There are many healthcare organizations that follow their own mission with ethical values and company goals. The American Association for the Advancement of Science follows the mission statement of Ã¢â¬Å"advance science engineering, and innovations throughout the world for the benefit of all people.Ã¢â¬ (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2015) By following company goals, this statement can be reinforced. What are the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals and how are they tiedRead MoreThe Ethics Boundaries Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessolution requires a deep fundamental understanding of ethics.Similar issues of morality come up in the Science world, questioning the ethics of certain type of research. What improved my understanding of this issue is Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Frankenstein, A horror novel that has its main protagonist trespass on major ethics boundaries. Certain ideas Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein are examples of science achieving the unthinkable. Victor Frankenstein is a scientist do the impossible, bring the dead back to
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Charles Dickens Essay Over the pages going through page 54- 55, it shows that Charles Dickens had a detailed style as he writes about Scrooge. He is shown a writer of social realist, this means Dickens likes and observes a comparison and enjoys using a mix of details. He describes the old from the new and his style changes from time to time. On page 57, there is a point where Scrooge had finished the party, and he has shown as a different man. During the whole of this time, Scrooge had acted like a man out of his wits. This shows Scrooge changes his character very often but he dint reflect upon what had happened. He corroborated everything, remembered everything, and enjoyed everything. This describes Scrooge backs everything up. Corroborated means backed it up. As the story expands to 61 pages, Scrooge had already shown his huge changes with his characters. On page 61, there is a feeling of seriousness and dullness, the first spirit is having an argument with Scrooge. Scrooge is having a feeling of a bit dreamy with a mix of scared. Show me no more! Conduct me home. Why do you delight to torture me? Scrooge is angry and annoyed. He wants to leave badly. The first spirit showed Scrooge the flash back of his childhood. It had showed Scrooge the happiness and joy. There is a comparison during these two pages and paragraphs. No more, I dont wish to see it, show me no more! Now, Scrooge is getting more anxious, he is trying to leave. He gets really scared as he watches more of his childhood. As Scrooge tries to leave, the ghost forces him and his mind to continue watching what is going on in his childhood. On page 65, Scrooge is shown as very scared and very frightened. He keeps on asking and begging the ghost to let him go as he cant stand of what is going on anymore. Spirit, said Scrooge in a broken voice, remove me from this place; I cannot bear with it anymore! This quote shows Scrooge is completely lost his emotions and begs and pleases for the spirit to let him out of this place. He said it in a broken voice which shows he is begging for his life and crying for the exit. It shows Scrooge is begging for everything as he wants the exit badly. On page 70, there is an encounter that Scrooge with the Ghost of the Christmas present. Scrooges attitude had changed again but Dickens has showed that he doesnt like meeting with the spirits. Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this spirit. He was not the dogged Scrooge he had been Scrooge is shown as very scared and still hesitantly. And though its eyes were clear and kind, he did not like to meet them. The ghost is described as a very impressive. It was clothes in one simple deep green robe, or mantle, bordered with white fur. The appearance of this ghost is rather strange; it appears with robe and white furs. Scrooges thoughts has changes towards the ghosts when he said, You have never seen the like me before. Over the last few pages, Charles Dickens shows that Scrooge wants to finish with this ghost and done with. This shows even more obvious when Scrooge said Spirit, conduct me where you will. This quote shows Scrooge had given up and saving him, and just told the ghost to do what ever he feels like to do with him. After Scrooge had interfered with this ghost, he had become more scared and horrified. The story of Christmas Carol stretches to 88 pages now, and we can state that the writer Charles Dickens enjoys using the language of drama and old English. He likes using dramatic encounters with ghosts. Adventures Of Huck Finn And Superstitions EssayHe gets more and more horrified as it continues to page 124. On this page, there is a very hideous and detailed description of the grave yard. Scrooge was very curious to know the moment of him in a complete terror. He completely lost his conscience and his body almost gone numb when he saw a grave with him name carved to it in the middle of the grave yard. He completely lost the feelings when he saw the grave, he didnt know what was going on. He was thinking, is this a dream, or a message or a warning, or something which will change someones life. The story begins to slow down as it approaches to the last ten pages, Stave 5. The beginning of stave 5 describes Scrooge was extremely happy that he remain alive, and the fact that he is back. He was thrilled as he found himself not dead and still alive. People including Scrooge were very happy on the streets because it was still Christmas. Although Scrooge had been going to with a few ghosts, and had made him scared and sorrow, but he was very happy now because as he can see other people are celebrating Christmas on the streets. As he sits down and watches people dancing and singing carol songs on the streets, he feels very happy but inside of him, he still feels very thrilled and scared. After Scrooge had came back to earth, Charles Dickens had used a word Chuckle a lot, its use was to create the hype of Scrooges attitude and character. As he begins to leave his house and walk, he sings with people and dance with people. He walks through the streets and made jokes with people. Scrooge is fooling bob, being angry but is actually faking. His character had change again to become a jokey man as before he was a straight hard man when the story got started. Throughout the book, we can clearly see that Scrooge had changed his attitude and character quite a few times in each of part of the book, especially when he meets each different ghost. During the beginning of the story, he was shown as a dull person, firstly he dulls himself, not making any friends and chatting to anyone. He was alone by himself, isolating himself from other people. He had gone through the all four process of life time. Happiness, angry, sorrow, joy, these are the four main process that Scrooge had entered and experienced through the whole story. After he faced the first ghost, he then reminded of his childhood, this is when he encounters with the Spirit of the Christmas. He had totally changed in his attitude and character as he became a child again. He was described to be very cheerful and happy. As he sees more of his childhood, he got really sad and scared. This might happens because as he watches more, he thinks of himself in the life time that he is having now and he is feeling sad and not happy as the flash back continues. He is feeling ashamed of himself of what he is living with now. He was embarrass to face himself now and the past time.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Working today is usually quite safe. The government has made laws saying that employers have to look after the workforce and provide safety equipment and other things for them. At the start of the Industrial Revolution none of these laws existed and so working in a factory could prove to be very dangerous indeed. This section looks at some of the conditions faced by workers and offers a brief explanation of what was done to improve these conditions. Industries such as the cotton trade were particularly hard for workers to endure long hours of labour. The nature of the work being done meant that the workplace had to be very hot, steam engines contributing further to the heat in this and other industries. Machinery was not always fenced off and workers would be exposed to the moving parts of the machines whilst they worked. Children were often employed to move between these dangerous machines as they were small enough to fit between tightly packed machinery. We will write a custom essay sample on Working conditions or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This led to them being placed in a great deal of danger and mortality (death rates) were quite high in factories. Added to the dangers of the workplace also consider the impact of the hours worked. It was quite common for workers to work 12 hours or more a day, in the hot and physically exhausting work places. Exhaustion naturally leads to the worker becoming sluggish (slow), which again makes the workplace more dangerous. Not all factories were as bad as the scenario highlighted above. Robert owen and Titus salt for example were both regarded as good employers in this respect. They were amongst a group of people who were known as reformers. These people wanted changes to the way that factories were run. They faced opposition from other mill owners who knew that reforms would cost them money and give the workers more rights. (They wanted to make as much profit as possible remember, that is the purpose of manufacturing in a capitalist country). The reformers gradually managed to force changes to the way that workers were treated.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Ted Bundy Essays - Ted Bundy, Necrophiles, Serial Killer, Ted Ted Bundy Ted Bundy's Trail of Terror From the Beginning of Taking Life Until The End of His Serial killers tend to be white heterosexual males in their twenties and thirties. While it is impossible to predict who will become a serial killer there are traits that appear to be similar in all killers. These behaviors include cruelty to animals, bedwetting, lying, drug and alcohol abuse, and a history of violence. According to Robert Ressler et al., serial homicide involves the murder of separate of separate victims with time breaks between victims, as minimal as two days to weeks or months. These time breaks are referred to as a cooling off period. Because homicides involving multiple victims is gradually becoming more commonplace, and to facilitate an understanding of the aforementioned definition, it is helpful to differentiate serial murder from other types of murder, such as mass murder, which involves,four or more victims killed within a short time span, and spree killings, which Ressler et al. defines as a series of sequential homicides connected to one event committed over a time period of hours to days and without a cooling off period. Ted Bundy is one of the worst serial killers in history. His antisocial personality and psychotic character made him feared across the country. After all was said and done Ted left behind a trail of bloody slayings that included the deaths of 36 young women and spanned through four states. The biggest question in many people's mind was how could someone as intelligent,highly accomplished, and praised as Bundy do such a thing? Theodore Robert Bundy was born November 24th, 1946 in Burlinton, Vermont to a 21 year old mother. Ted's mom never told him much about his father except that he was in the armed forces and they had only dated a few times. Ted was left in foster care for two months while his mom and parents decided what to do with him. In 1946 an illegitimate child was extremely looked down upon by society. Once they decided to keep Ted his grandparents told everyone he was their adopted son. Ted knew who his biological mom was, but outsiders were told that she was his sister. Ted adored his grandfather. His grandfather was also particularly fond of Ted. He remembered camping and fishing trips he and his grandfather would go on. Other family members describe his grandfather as an ill-tempered tyrant. He was racist, intolerant, and a perfectionist. He expected everyone to meet his demands. His grandfather was also verbally abusive toward other family members and physically abusive toward his wife. He also physically mistreated animals including the family pet. Ted's grandmother suffered from depression. It got so bad that she was eventually treated with electroshock therapy. She also suffered from agoraphobia and never left the house. When Ted was three years old, his Aunt, age 15, said she awoke to find him slipping butcher knives into the bed beside her under the covers. She told him to leave and took the knives back. She said no one in the family did anything about this. (Time Life) The older Ted got, it became more difficult to hide his family's identity and his secret mother. With this his mother moved to Washington where she met and married John Bundy. At the time Ted was four years old. He was adopted by John and his new parents had four children together. From the beginning Ted did well in school. His teachers complimented him on his good grades. But they also commented on Ted's inability to control his violent temper. Friends recall Ted as one who would usually avoid fights, though when provoked could explode with frightening violence and anger. Ted was active in Boy Scouts and attended church regularly. He also held a part-time job and made excellent grades. Ted just dated once during high school and was described as shy. It was around this time that Ted began sneaking out of the house and peeping into windows. He became a Peeping Tom. He occasionally disabled a woman's car to make her more vulnerable, without actually doing anything to her(Time Life). He found these behaviors sexually arousing and masturbated while doing them.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Justifying the Patriots Act - Research Paper Example Before delving on the validity and appropriateness of the Patriot Act, it is a must to take a stock of the typical American mindset and way of thinking. The opposition garnered by the Patriot Act could only be well understood when it is placed aside the essential American ethos and the values and norms that are dear to Americans. America is a nation that is devoted to the values of liberty and strongly shuns any law or arrangement that takes something out of the rights and privileges extended to the masses by the constitution of the United States of America. Though the detractors of Patriot Act abhor it as an intrusion into the privacy of the common Americans, a more balanced and sane approach towards this legislation establishes beyond doubt that it is a law that is pivotal to the security and safety of the United States of America (Browne 1). Before trying to wrest any strong opinion regarding the appropriateness and validity of the Patriot Act it is important to understand the tim es in which this legislation was conceived and the things it intended to do. The USA PATRIOT Act was act of the US Congress that was signed into law on October 26, 2001. It goes without saying that the Patriot Act was a response to the mayhem caused by the 9/11 terrorist acts and intended to safeguard the life and property of the American masses. As the full form of the Patriot Act that is Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act suggests, the purpose of the Patriot Act was to strengthen the arms of the America law and order agencies and the intelligence community by endowing to them a range of powers and possibilities. It is really worthwhile to delve on the provisions brought into existence by this act. The Patriot Act intended to safeguard civil liberties. It allowed the Secret Service to establish a nationwide electronic surveillance system and provided for the confiscation of the property of foreign persons engaging i n terrorist acts (Department of Justice 1). It widened the potential of the intelligence services to conduct surveillance on the terrorist elements, without being subservient to the consent of the courts (Department of Justice 1). This act intended to curtail the financial power of the terrorist groups and stressed a stronger border security (Department of Justice 1). The National Security Letters (NSL) provision of this act allowed access to the paper work related to the suspicious citizens, to the intelligence agencies (Department of Justice 1). It facilitated an enhanced sharing of information and inputs between the intelligence agencies and had provisions for extending compensation to the victims of terrorism (Department of Justice 1). The Patriot Act also brought in a range of crimes within the ambit of what is broadly defined as acts of terrorism (Department of Justice 1). The overall purpose of the Patriot Act was to bring about the sweeping changes that not only armed the la w and order institutions and intelligence agencies with the teeth they needed to wage a pragmatic war on the terrorist gro